Before taking the quiz you might want to check out our Mediterranean Diet knowledge base.

The Mediterranean Diet is a healthy nutritional approach that is inspired by the culinary traditions of Spain, Italy, Greece, and other countries in the Mediterranean region. This diet is considered one of the healthiest because it lowers the risk for heart problems, type 2 diabetes, and other chronic diseases. It is also associated with a reduced incidence of Alzheimerís, Parkinsonís, and cancer. Those who follow the diet are less likely to gain weight. They are at a lower risk for developing bad cholesterol and high blood pressure. A new study has found that nuts and olive oil reduce the risk for stroke in elderly patients with a family history of diabetes. Those who follow the Mediterranean Diet and incorporate more foods with a low GI are at a lower risk for type 2 diabetes. Eating low GI foods prevents quick rises in insulin and glucose levels.

This nutritional approach recommends eating whole grains, fresh vegetables and fruits, seafood, and legumes. Wine is allowed in moderation. It is important to drink plenty of water (about 6 glasses a day). The Mediterranean Diet Pyramid offers basic guidelines. The base of the pyramid includes herbs and spices, fruits and veggies, nuts, beans, olive oil, and grains. Fish and shellfish occupy the next level. Yogurt, cheese, eggs, and poultry are at level 3. Sweets and red meat are at the top of the pyramid meaning that consumption should be limited. Dieters are encouraged to eat fish and seafood twice a week. They also eat many foods that are packed with omega-3 fatty acids such as canola oil, fatty fish, walnuts, nuts, and seeds.

There are plenty of tasty recipes to try at home - tomato salad with rosemary, black bean humus, quinoa salad, whole wheat pizza, and many others. It is recommended to use fresh ingredients.